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  5. Conflict Diamonds and The Kimberley Process Certification Scheme

Conflict Diamonds and the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme

Image of a diamond to represent conflict diamonds

CBP is active in the U.S. implementation of the Clean Diamond Trade Act, which formalized U.S. participation in the Kimberley Process. The Clean Diamond Trade Act was signed into law on July 29, 2003, and prohibits the "importation into, or exportation from, the U.S. of any rough diamond, from whatever source, unless the rough diamond has been controlled through the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme (KPCS)." Rough diamonds, also known as conflict diamonds, are defined as diamonds used by rebel movements to finance military action opposed to legitimate and internationally recognized governments. The KPCS is an international initiative that combats rough diamond importation. As the import authority for the U.S., CBP regularly leads enforcement actions on violations related to diamonds. 
The KPCS is a joint-government, internationally recognized certification system that imposes extensive requirements on its members to enable them to certify shipments of rough diamonds as ‘conflict-free’ and prevent conflict diamonds from entering legitimate trade.

Click here for more information on the Kimberley Process

Last Modified: Aug 01, 2023