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U.S. – Mexico – Canada Agreement (USMCA)

Image of Trucks passing through border with USMCA logo

 

Overview

The U.S. – Mexico – Canada Agreement (USMCA) is a trade agreement between the named parties.  The USMCA replaced the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). 

U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) has launched a USMCA Center to serve as a one stop shop for information concerning the USMCA. The USMCA Center coordinates CBP’s implementation of the USMCA Agreement, ensuring a smooth transition with consistent and comprehensive guidance to our internal and external stakeholders.

USMCA Resource Center and Automotive Certification Portal

 

Entry-into Force

  • The USMCA entered into force on July 1, 2020. NAFTA preferential treatment cannot be claimed on July 1, 2020 or afterwards.
  • For merchandise entered into commerce on or before June 30, 2020, NAFTA rules will continue to apply.
  • CSMS #45309245 - USMCA - Consolidated Appropriations Act 2021 & End of Restrained Enforcement - On December 27, 2020, the Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2021 [H.R.133 – 116th Congress (2019-2020)] was signed into law. The Act contains technical corrections for the USMCA, including on merchandise processing fee refunds for post-entry claims (including for 520(d) and reconciliation claims) and on foreign trade zones.  These technical corrections are retroactive to July 1, 2020. 

 

Uniform Regulations, General Note,  and Implementation Instructions - Final (as of June 30, 2020)

On April 20, 2020, CBP published interim implementing instructions. These interim implementing instruction have been subsequently updated to reflect the published uniform regulations and General Note 11.  

 

  Compliance Guidance

  • CBP will use this webpage to post informational links, compliance guidance materials, points of contact, and Frequently Asked Questions.  Additional guidance on USMCA compliance for the trade community will be posted here as developed. This webpage will be continually updated.
  • CBP has recorded a webinar regarding USMCA compliance for the private sector.  Please visit CBP’s Trade Outreach via Webinar webpage for more information.
  • CBP urges the import/export community to monitor CBP.gov/Trade, the Cargo System Messaging Service, and @CBPTradeGov on Twitter for updates on USMCA implementation dates; regulatory drafting; Frequently Asked Questions and other compliance resources.
  • The USMCA contains provisions relating to the prohibition of the importation of goods sourced from forced labor. For additional information on CBP’s enforcement against this prohibition, please visit our Forced Labor webpage.
  • The USMCA requires a “certification of origin.”  
    • Any format is acceptable, provided it contains nine (9) minimum data elements set out in the USMCA, Annex 5-A.  To facilitate compliance, CBP has created a suggested template for the USMCA and other free trade agreements.  Please note: this PDF does not work on all Internet Browsers.  The form will work best on Internet Explorer.   
    • Additional information on how to make USMCA preferential treatment claims can be found on this website, including an instructional video (“How to Make a USMCA Claim”).

 

For CBP related questions on USMCA, please contact the offices listed below for assistance:

Topic

Contact

Priority Trade Issues/Trade Agreements Information

CBP.gov/Trade

CBP Importing Information

AskCBP at https://help.cbp.gov/ and CBP Help Desk at 1-877-CBP-5511 / https://www.cbp.gov/contact

Status on Trade Negotiations including Updated Status

U.S. Trade Representative (www.USTR.gov)

ACE Entry Filing Problems/Rejects

Your assigned ACE client representative

CBP Entry-specific Inquiries

Contact the Import Specialist Team at your assigned Center of Excellence of Expertise at www.cbp.gov/trade/centers-excellence-and-expertise-information/cee-directory

Exports

U.S. Department of Commerce (https://www.trade.gov/export-solutions)

Additional guidance for export compliance for the USMCA is available via:  

Additional information on export compliance in general is available via CBP’s Basics of Importing and Exporting webpage.

Small Business Outreach

For guidance to small and medium sized businesses, please contact CBP’s Office of Trade Relations Small Business Outreach

Quota

Email the Quota Branch at HQQUOTA@cbp.dhs.gov

Trade Agreements Inquiries

Email the Trade Agreements Branch at FTA@cbp.dhs.gov

Textiles Inquiries

Email the Textiles and Wearing Apparel Branch at OTTEXTILE_POLICY_ENF@cbp.dhs.gov 

To schedule USMCA informational briefings for trade associations, industry groups, and other trade groups.

Email TradeEvents@CBP.DHS.gov 

USMCA Center

If the resources listed above cannot answer your inquiry, please contact USMCA@CBP.DHS.gov.

 

Additional Resources

U.S. – Mexico - Canada (USMCA) Frequently Asked Questions

USMCA Videos

All USMCA Videos

 

Introduction to USMCA

This video will introduce you to the new United States Mexico Canada Agreement.

 

The Differences Between NAFTA and USMCA

This video will give you a close look into some of the differences between NAFTA and the USMCA.

 

How to Make a USMCA Claim

This video walks you through the claim process.

 

New Auto Rules

This video will introduce you to the new requirements for the automotive rules of origin, for producers and importers.

 

Changes for the Textile and Wearing Apparel Industries 

This video will discuss the resultant changes for the textiles and wearing apparel industries under the Agreement’s requirements.  

 

The Verification Process

This video will discuss how CBP may conduct a verification to determine whether a good entered with a claim for preferential treatment under the USMCA qualifies as originating.

 

USMCA – Binding Rulings

U.S.  Customs and Border Protection (CBP) issues binding advance rulings and other legal decisions in connection with the importation of merchandise into the United States. Advance rulings provide the international trade community with a transparent and efficient means of understanding how CBP will treat a prospective import or carrier transaction.  Rulings relating to U.S. – Mexico – Canada Agreement (USMCA) preferential treatment claims have begun to be issued, and can be accessed via the Customs Online Rulings Search System (CROSS). 

Additional information on how to seek a binding advance ruling is available on CBP.gov at  https://www.cbp.gov/trade/rulings

Rulings relating to USMCA preferential treatment claims can be found on CROSS.