DHS temporarily transitions Air and Marine Interdiction Division to Immigration and Customs Enforcement.
Congress mandates the creation of a Northern Border Air Wing.
Border Safety Initiative is announced. Its aim is to prevent desert deaths of people trying to cross the borders illegally.
24-HOUR RULE is established. Under this requirement, manifest information must be provided 24 hours prior to the sea container being loaded onto the vessel in the foreign port.
Customs Trade Partnership Against Terrorism (C-TPAT) is launched, creating a public-private and international partnership including most of the largest U.S. importers to prevent legitimate commercial shipments from being used for illegal purposes.