China is affected with Several Contagious and Deadly Animal Diseases
LOS ANGELES—In calendar year 2020, in the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic, the number of shipments containing prohibited pork, chicken, beef and duck products arriving from China intercepted by U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) agriculture specialists in Los Angeles, nearly doubled compared with the previous year.
From Jan. 1, to Dec. 31, 2020, CBP in Los Angeles issued 1,049 Emergency Action Notifications (EAN) compared to 527 in 2019, a 99 percent increase. When unmanifiested/prohibited animal products are intercepted, CBP issues an EAN for destruction or re-exportation of the contraband.
According to USDA, China is a country affected by African Swine Fever (ASF), Classical Swine Fever (CSF), Newcastle Disease (ND), Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD), Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) and Swine Vesicular Disease (SVD).
The significant increase in meat interceptions is the result of several actions including, the rollout of a special initiative to prevent the introduction of Asian Swine Fever (ASF) in the U.S.; a better collaboration with our USDA strategic partners; the COVID-19 international travel restrictions; and the realignment of CBP enforcement posture to tackle smuggling and trade fraud that didn’t slow down during the pandemic.
“CBP continues to work closely with the USDA and other government and private-sector partners to protect the nation from a variety of diverse threats, including those posed by plant pests, biological agents, and foreign animal diseases through prohibited meat and plant products arriving by air, land, and sea,” said Carlos C. Martel, CBP Director of Field Operations in Los Angeles. “The role of the CBP's agriculture specialists at our ports of entry is more crucial than ever.”
CBP agriculture specialists found most of the unmanifiested animal products commingled in boxes of headphones, door locks, kitchenware, LCD tablets, trash bags, swim fins, cell phone covers, plastic cases and household goods in a clear attempt to smuggle the prohibited meats.
In calendar year 2020, CBP agriculture specialists at the LA/Long Beach seaport intercepted 183 shipments of prohibited meat products that compared with 29 the previous year, represented an increase of 531 percent.
At Los Angeles International Airport (LAX) in calendar year 2020, prohibited meat interceptions reached 866 compared with 498 the year before, marking a 73 percent increase.
Chinese animal products are in high demand in certain communities in the United States. Smugglers attempt to bring those products which are later sold in Asian groceries markets. Many consumers are not aware of the importation restrictions.
Pork products from ASF-affected countries may introduce the virus to the United States, crippling the domestic pork industry and U.S. pork exports valued at $6.5 billion annually.
The ASF is spread by contact with an infected animals’ body fluids. It can be spread by ticks that feed on infected animals.
USDA – APHIS Resources:
- African Swine Fever – Frequently Asked Questions
- USDA African Swine Fever – Fact Sheet
- USDA - APHIS Classical Swine Fever
- USDA - APHIS Virulent Newcastle Disease
- USDA - APHIS Foot and Mouth Disease
- USDA - APHIS HPAI
- USDA - APHIS Swine Diseases
About CBP Agriculture Mission:
Agriculture is the largest industry and employing sector in the U.S. with more than 1 trillion of economic activity annually. The greatest risks of success of this industry are exotic plan pests and foreign animal diseases. On a typical day in fiscal year 2019, CBP agriculture specialists intercepted 314 pests at U.S. ports of entry and 4,695 materials for quarantine: plant, meat, animal byproduct, and soil. Learn how CBP protects American Agriculture.