CBP Enforcement Statistics Fiscal Year 2023

U.S. Customs and Border Protection is the nation’s largest federal law enforcement agency charged with securing the nation’s borders and facilitating international travel and trade. Our top priority is to keep terrorists and their weapons from entering the United States.

At the nation’s more than 300 ports of entry, CBP officers have a complex mission with broad law enforcement authorities tied to screening all foreign visitors, returning American citizens and imported cargo that enters the U.S. Along the nation’s borders, the United States Border Patrol and Air and Marine Operations are the uniformed law enforcement arms of CBP responsible for securing U.S. borders between ports of entry.

Visit CBP's Southwest Border Migration page for demographic information regarding apprehensions and inadmissibles on the southwest border and the Assaults and Use of Force page for data on assaults on agents and officers, and uses of force by CBP personnel.
 

Total CBP Enforcement Actions

Numbers below reflect Fiscal Year (FY) 2017 - FY 2023.

Fiscal Year 2023 runs October 01, 2022 - September 30, 2023.

  FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21 FY22 FY23YTD
Office of Field Operations (OFO) Total Encounters1 216,370 281,881 288,523 241,786 294,352 551,930 71,423
U.S. Border Patrol Total Encounters2 310,531 404,142 859,501 405,036 1,662,167 2,214,652 206,041
Total Enforcement Actions 526,901 683,178 1,148,024 646,822 1,956,519 2,766,582 277,464

1 Beginning in March FY20, OFO Encounters statistics include both Title 8 Inadmissibles and Title 42 Expulsions. To learn more, visit Title-8-and-Title-42-Statistics. Inadmissibles refers to individuals encountered at ports of entry who are seeking lawful admission into the United States but are determined to be inadmissible, individuals presenting themselves to seek humanitarian protection under our laws, and individuals who withdraw an application for admission and return to their countries of origin within a short timeframe.

2 Beginning in March FY20, USBP Encounters statistics include both Title 8 Apprehensions and Title 42 Expulsions. To learn more, visit Title-8-and-Title-42-Statistics. Apprehensions refers to the physical control or temporary detainment of a person who is not lawfully in the U.S. which may or may not result in an arrest.
 

Search and Rescue Efforts

CBP agents frequently conduct life-saving efforts, while carrying out their respective missions. Numbers below reflect Fiscal Year (FY) 2019 - FY 2022.

Fiscal Year 2022 runs October 01, 2021 - September 30, 2022.

  FY19 FY20 FY21 FY22 FY23YTD
U.S. Border Patrol - Southwest Border Only 4,920 5,071 12,833 22,014 1,318
Air and Marine Operations - Nationwide 377 184 423 447 11

 

Arrests of Individuals with Criminal Convictions or Those Wanted by Law Enforcement

Numbers below reflect FY 2017 - FY 2023.

Fiscal Year 2023 runs October 01, 2022 - September 30, 2023.

  FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21 FY22 FY23YTD
Office of Field Operations  
Criminal Noncitizens Encountered3 10,596 11,623 12,705 7,009 6,567 16,993 1,675
NCIC4 Arrests 7,656 5,929 8,546 7,108 8,979 10,389 892
U.S. Border Patrol  
Criminal Noncitizens Encountered3 8,531 6,698 4,269 2,438 10,763 12,028 636
Criminal Noncitizens with Outstanding Wants or Warrants 2,675 1,550 4,153 2,054 1,904 949 43

3 Criminal noncitizens refers to noncitizens who have been convicted of crime, whether in the United States or abroad, so long as the conviction is for conduct which is deemed criminal by the United States. Criminal noncitizens encountered at ports of entry are inadmissible, absent extenuating circumstances, and represent a subset of total OFO inadmissibles. U.S. Border Patrol arrests of criminal noncitizens are a subset of total apprehensions. See U.S. Border Patrol Criminal Noncitizen Statistics for a breakdown of criminal noncitizen stats by type of conviction.

4 NCIC (National Crime Information Center) arrests refers to the number of CBP arrests of individuals, including U.S. citizens, who are wanted by other law enforcement agencies.

In addition to longstanding federal court precedent recognizing the constitutional authority of the U.S. Government to conduct border searches, numerous federal statutes and regulations also authorize CBP to inspect and examine all individuals and merchandise entering or departing the United States, including all types of personal property, such as electronic devices. See, for example, 8 U.S.C. §§ 1225, 1357 and 19 U.S.C. §§ 482, 507, 1461, 1496, 1499, 1581, 1582. CBP established strict guidelines for conducting border searches of electronic devices in its January 2018 Directive on Border Searches of Electronic Devices.

Border searches of electronic devices have helped detect evidence relating to terrorist activity and other national security matters, child pornography, drug smuggling, human smuggling, bulk cash smuggling, human trafficking, export control violations, intellectual property rights violations and visa fraud. In Fiscal Year 2020, CBP processed more than 238 million travelers at U.S. ports of entry. During that same period of time, CBP conducted 32,038 border searches of electronic devices, representing less than .014 percent of arriving international travelers.
 

International Travelers Processed with Electronic Device Search

Month FY 2018 FY 2019 FY 2020 FY 2021 FY2022 FY2023YTD
October 2,539 3,026 3,959 2,969 3,275 3,493
November 2,446 2,962 3,805 2,909 2,991  
December 2,509 3,365 3,966 2,760 3,894  
January 3,090 3,765 4,450 3,014 3,642  
February 2,512 3,096 3,702 2,829 4,148  
March 2,921 3,526 2,514 3,445 4,976  
April 2,701 3,218 451 3,139 4,136  
May 2,764 3,138 616 3,323 4,156  
June 2,606 3,480 1,149 3,150 3,746  
July 2,798 3,458 2,047 3,244 3,524  
August 3,320 4,085 2,614 3,425 3,486  
September 3,090 3,794 2,765 3,243 3,525  
Total 33,296 40,913 32,038 37,450 45,499 3,493

OFO and USBP Currency Seizures Dashboard

Explore Office of Field Operations (OFO) and U.S. Border Patrol (USBP) Currency & Other Monetary Instrument Seizures by Fiscal Year.
 

Monthly U.S. Border Patrol Nationwide Checkpoint Currency Seizures

Numbers below reflect FY 2018 - FY 2023.

Fiscal Year 2023 runs October 01, 2022 - September 30, 2023.

  FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21 FY22 FY23YTD
October $35,829 $49,247 $33,558 $196,378 $60,687 $621,586
November $26,285 $51,269 $114,297 $17,528 $11,683  
December $2,822 $63,697 $156,961 $66,907 $5,118  
January $203,213 $59,857 $52,649 $192,116 $178,971  
February $117,933 $103,982 $84,475 $263,892 $17,826  
March $157,669 $110,924 $36,301 $135,123 $22,114  
April $17,913 $15,016 $49,559 $64,933 $42,254  
May $256,033 $129,766 $691,640 $29,188 $49,491  
June $31,494 $119,732 $511,781 $18,626 $9,476  
July  $14,339 $86,696 $159,504 $73,779 $181,194  
August $169,592 $141,475 $275,751 $331,791 $6,081  
September $80,358 $33,487 $124,274 $39,257 $6,756  
Total $1,113,480 $965,148 $2,290,750 $1,429,519 $591,651 $621,586

OFO and USBP Drug Seizures Dashboard

Explore Office of Field Operations (OFO) and U.S. Border Patrol (USBP) Drug Seizure Statistics by weight and count of events by Fiscal Year.
 

Monthly U.S. Border Patrol Nationwide Checkpoint Drug Seizures

Numbers below reflect FY 2023.

Fiscal Year 2023 runs October 01, 2022- September 30, 2023.

  Marijuana Cocaine Heroin Methamphetamine Fentanyl Other
October 1,867 231 0 180 7 9
Total 1,867 231 0 180 7 9

*weights are in pounds (lb)

See Air and Marine Operations Statistics for a breakdown of enforcement actions with non-CBP agencies.

Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) Seizures Dashboard

Explore the Office of Trade's Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) Seizures by Fiscal Year.

U.S. Border Patrol Nationwide Apprehensions by Gang Affiliation

Numbers below reflect FY2017 - FY2023.

Fiscal Year 2023 runs October 01, 2022 - September 30, 2023.

Gang Affiliation FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21 FY22 FY23YTD
107th St 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
18th Street 61 145 168 36 28 110 9
Angelino Heights Sureno 13 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bandidos 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Barrio Azteca 3 4 0 1 1 2 0
Barrio Van Nuys 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
Border Brothers 0 1 1 0 0 0 0
Brown Pride 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chirizos 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
Folk Nation 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hard Times 13 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hells Angels 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
Hermanos Pistoleros Latinos (HPL) 3 2 2 2 1 1 0
Latin Kings 6 7 24 4 6 11 2
Locos Surenos Trece 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
Los Traviosos 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
Los Zetas 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
MS-13 228 413 464 72 113 312 18
Mac 11 0 0 0 0 0 1 0
Mara 18 0 1 2 1 1 0 0
Mara-R 1 1 0 0 0 0 0
Maravilla Salva Trucha 0 2 0 1 0 0 0
Market Street 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
Mexican Mafia 4 3 7 2 5 4 0
Mexicles 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mexikanemi 3 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nortenos 6 5 6 1 5 2 1
Other 90 82 110 75 53 94 11
Outlaws 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pacific Street Gang 0 0 0 0 1 1 0
Paisas 53 62 90 93 79 146 15
Partido Revolucionario Mexican (PRM) 0 0 1 0 1 0 0
Playboys 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
San Fernando Valley Gang 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
South Los Angeles 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
Southwest Cholos 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
Surenos (sur-13) 66 66 70 66 46 54 5
Tango Blast 8 8 20 7 7 10 1
Texas Syndicate 1 1 3 0 1 2 0
Top Six 0 0 0 0 0 1 0
Tortilla Flats 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
Vallucos 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
Vilanos-13 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
West Park 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Westside     1 0 0 0 0
Zetas 1 1 0 0 0 0 0
Total 536 808 976 363 348 751 62

This table provides a summary of OFO encounters of all persons at ports of entry with records within the TSDS at the time of their encounter.

  FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21 FY22 FY23YTD
Office of Field Operations TSDS Encounters at Land Border Ports of Entry of All Nationalities*  
Southwest Border 116 155 280 72 103 67 6
Northern Border 217 196 258 124 54 313 25
Total 333 351 538 196 157 380 31
U.S. Border Patrol TSDS Encounters Between Ports of Entry of Non-U.S. Citizens  
Southwest Border 2 6 0 3 15 98 9
Northern Border 0 0 3 0 1 0 0
Total 2 6 3 3 16 98 9
Percentage of Total USBP Encounters 0.0007% 0.0015% 0.0004% 0.0007% 0.0010% 0.0044% 0.0044%

This table provides a summary of USBP encounters of non-U.S. citizens with records within the TSDS at the time of their encounter between U.S. ports of entry.

The Terrorist Screening Dataset (TSDS) – also known as the “watchlist” – is the U.S. government’s database that contains sensitive information on terrorist identities. The TSDS originated as the consolidated terrorist watchlist to house information on known or suspected terrorists (KSTs) but has evolved over the last decade to include additional individuals who represent a potential threat to the United States, including known affiliates of watchlisted individuals.

Encounters of watchlisted individuals at our borders are very uncommon, underscoring the critical work CBP Agents and Officers carry out every day on the frontlines. DHS works tirelessly to secure our borders through a combination of highly trained personnel, ground and aerial monitoring systems, and robust intelligence and information sharing networks.

TSDS watchlisted non-citizens encountered by the CBP Office of Field Operations at land ports of entry prior to entry into the United States may be denied admission to our country upon presentation, barring justification for their arrest under CBP policy. TSDS watchlisted individuals encountered by the U.S. Border Patrol (USBP) after entering the country without inspection may be detained and removed, to the extent possible under CBP policy, or turned over to another government agency for subsequent detention or law enforcement action, as appropriate.

*POE totals may include multiple encounters of the same individual.

Recidivism percentages are updated at the end of each fiscal year.

  FY 15 FY 16 FY 17 FY 18 FY 19 FY 20 FY21
Recidivism5 14% 12% 10% 11% 7% 26% 27%

5 Recidivism refers to percentage of individuals apprehended more than one time by the Border Patrol within a fiscal year. Beginning in March FY20, USBP encounters statistics and recidivism calculations include both Title 8 Apprehensions and Title 42 Expulsions. To learn more, visit Title-8-and-Title-42-Statistics. Apprehensions refers to the physical control or temporary detainment of a person who is not lawfully in the U.S. which may or may not result in an arrest.

Weapons and Ammunition Dashboard thumbnail

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

OFO and USBP Weapons and Ammunition Seizures Dashboard

Explore Office of Field Operations (OFO) and U.S. Border Patrol (USBP) Weapons and Ammunition Seizures by Fiscal Year.

Tags: 

Source URL: https://www.cbp.gov/newsroom/stats/cbp-enforcement-statistics