Section 307 of the Tariff Act of 1930 (19 U.S.C. § 1307) prohibits the importation of merchandise mined, produced or manufactured, wholly or in part, in any foreign country by forced or indentured labor – including forced child labor. Such merchandise is subject to exclusion and/or seizure, and may lead to criminal investigation of the importer(s).
When information reasonably but not conclusively indicates that merchandise within the purview of this provision is being imported, the Commissioner of U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) may issue withhold release orders pursuant to 19 C.F.R. § 12.42(e). If the Commissioner is provided with information sufficient to make a determination that the goods in question are subject to the provisions of 19 U.S.C. § 1307, the Commissioner will publish a formal finding to that effect in the Customs Bulletin and in the Federal Register pursuant to 19 C.F.R. § 12.42(f).
How You Can Help
CBP regulations state that any person who has reason to believe that merchandise produced by forced labor is being, or is likely to be, imported into the United States may communicate his belief to any Port Director or the Commissioner of CBP (19 C.F.R. § 12.42).
If you wish to report allegations of forced labor violations, please submit them to CBP at the following address: https://eallegations.cbp.gov/Home/Index2
- If you are a member of the media, please visit the Office of Public Affairs at www.cbp.gov/newsroom/press.
- If you would like information about CBP's Forced Labor program, please contact https://help.cbp.gov.
- The Trade Facilitation and Trade Enforcement Act of 2015 was signed by the President on February 24, 2016. The law repealed the “consumptive demand” clause in 19 U.S.C. § 1307. The clause had allowed importation of certain forced labor-produced goods if the goods were not produced “in such quantities in the United States as to meet the consumptive demands of the United States.” Repeal of the consumptive demand exception should enhance CBP’s ability to prevent products made with forced labor from being imported into the United States.
- CBP acts on information concerning specific manufacturers/exporters and specific merchandise. The agency does not generally target entire product lines or industries in problematic countries or regions.
- CBP partners with U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement and other participating U.S. government agencies to investigate forced labor allegations.
- CBP encourages stakeholders in the trade community to closely examine their supply chains to ensure goods imported into the United States are not mined, produced or manufactured, wholly or in part, with prohibited forms of labor, i.e., slave, convict, indentured, forced or indentured child labor.
Forced Labor Statistics As of March 31, 2021
|Active Withhold Release Orders and Findings|
Total Active Withhold Release Orders
Total Active Findings
FY 2021 Forced Labor Statistics
Withhold Release Orders Issued
Withhold Release Orders & Findings Modified or Revoked
*The detention information provided above covers forced labor related detentions that occurred between October 1, 2020 and March 31, 2021.
- Forced Labor Process Map
- CBP Responsible Business Practices on Forced Labor
- Forced Labor Frequently Asked Questions
- Forced Labor Resource Page
- Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region WRO Frequently Asked Questions
In the News
- CBP Issues Detention Order on Seafood Harvested with Forced Labor
- CBP Collects $575,000 from Pure Circle U.S.A. for Stevia Imports Made with Forced Labor
- CBP Issues Detention Order on Garments Manufactured with Prison Labor in China
- CBP Modifies Withhold Release Order on Tobacco Imports from Limbe Leaf Tobacco Company Ltd. in Malawi
- CBP Detains Chinese Shipment of Suspected Forced Labor Products Made with Human Hair
- CBP Combats Modern-Day Slavery with the Passage of the Countering America’s Adversaries through Sanctions Act
- Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act (CAATSA) Title III Section 321(b) FAQs
- CBP Issues Detention Orders against Companies Suspected of Using Forced Labor
- CBP Issues Region-Wide Withhold Release Order on Products Made by Slave Labor in Xinjiang
CBP, the Department of Labor, Department of State, and non-profit Verite hosted a Forced Labor Webinar on August 22, 2018. The webinar recording and supporting documents are available at the following address: https://www.cbp.gov/trade/stakeholder-engagement/webinars.
CBP and ICE, with the U.S. Department of State, and the U.S. Department of the Treasury's Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC), issued the Xinjiang Supply Chain Business Advisory on July 1, 2020. The advisory informs the trade of the risks and considerations for businesses with supply chain exposure to entities engaged in forced labor and other human rights abuses in Xinjiang.
CBP and ICE, with the U.S. Department of State, and the U.S. Department of the Treasury's Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC), issued the North Korea Sanctions and Enforcement Actions Advisory: Risks for Businesses with Supply Chain Links to North Korea on July 23, 2018. The advisory informs the trade of North Korea's evasion tactics, compliance risks and requirements, as well as due diligence best practices.