CBP has the critical responsibility to enforce U.S. trade laws prior to merchandise arriving at U.S. ports of entry, once merchandise arrives at our ports, and even after merchandise is released into the U.S. marketplace. Among other critical mission sets, CBP is charged with balancing the facilitation of legitimate trade that supports economic growth with the duty to shield the American public and businesses from unsafe products, intellectual property theft, and unfair trade practices.
To enforce trade laws effectively and minimize the unnecessary slowing of trade, CBP leverages its expertise to identify the highest-risk imports prior to release. In the post-release environment, CBP utilizes a sophisticated system of reviews and audits to verify import compliance and accurate revenue collection. CBP expertly applies an increasing number of complex U.S. and international trade laws and when CBP detects a discrepancy, actions are taken to address the violation and deter future non-compliance.
To accomplish comprehensive, agile, and uniform enforcement, CBP employs a national trade enforcement program that offers a framework for national collaboration within CBP and among other government agencies and multinational partners.
The below data is only a snapshot of CBP's critical trade mission. It summarizes CBP's revenue collection efforts; implementation of the recent trade remedies taken pursuant to Section 232 of the Trade Expansion Act of 1962 and Sections 201 and 301 of the Trade Act of 1974; and trade enforcement actions.
For more information, please visit the Trade section of CBP.gov.
CBP TRADE STATISTICS*
|IMPORTS AND REVENUE COLLECTIONS||FY 2017||FY 2018||FY 2019||FY 2020|
|Total Import Value for Goods|
|$2.39 trillion||$2.64 trillion||$2.67 trillion||$2.42 trillion|
|Total Entry Summaries||33.2 million||35.0 million||35.5 million||32.8 million|
|Total Duty Collected||$34.6 billion||$41.6 billion||$71.9 billion||$74.4 billion|
|TRADE REMEDY ENFORCEMENT||IMPORTED PRODUCTS||TOTAL DUTIES ASSESSED1|
|Section 201 Duty Assessment|
|Washing Machine Parts3||$2,275,832|
|Section 232 Duty Assessment||Aluminum5||$2,337,996,743|
|Section 301 Duty Assessment||China7||$75,047,529,136|
|TEMPORARY DEFERMENT OF DUTIES AND FEES FOR CERTAIN IMPORTERS DURING THE NATIONAL EMERGENCY CONCERNING THE COVID-19 OUTBREAK9, 10|
|Amount of estimated payments under extended deadlines||$574,745,901|
|Number of importers requesting extended deadlines||2,605|
1As of January 13, 2021
2 Section 201 tariff-rate quotas for washing machines were effective February 7, 2018, for all countries except Canada and most Generalized System of Preferences (GSP) beneficiary countries (except Thailand).
3 Section 201 tariff rate quotas for washing machine parts were effective February 7, 2018, for all countries except Canada and most Generalized System of Preferences (GSP) beneficiary countries (except Thailand).
4 Section 201 duty requirements for solar cells and modules were effective February 7, 2018, for all countries except most Generalized System of Preferences (GSP) beneficiary countries (except Thailand and the Philippines).
5 Section 232 duty requirements for aluminum products were effective March 23, 2018, for most countries. As of June 1, 2018, Section 232 duty requirements for aluminum products are effective for all countries of origin except Argentina and Australia. As of May 20, 2019, Section 232 duty requirements for aluminum products are effective for all countries of origin except Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, Mexico and South Korea.
6 Section 232 duty requirements for steel products were effective March 23, 2018, for most countries. As of June 1, 2018, Section 232 duty requirements for steel products are effective for all countries of origin except Argentina, Australia, Brazil, and South Korea. As of May 20, 2019, Section 232 duty requirements for steel products are effective for all countries of origin except Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, Mexico and South Korea.
7 Section 301 duty requirements were effective July 6, 2018.
8 Section 301 duty requirements for certain products of the EU were effective October 9, 2019. The U.S. Trade Representative published in the Federal Register 84 FR 54245, a Notice of Determination and Action Pursuant to Section 301: Enforcement of U.S. WTO Rights in Large Civil Aircraft Dispute. The notice announces the U.S. Trade Representative’s determination to impose additional duties on products of the EU or certain member states. The Large Civil Aircraft Section 301 duties only apply to products of the countries set forth in 84 FR 54245, and are based on the country of origin, not country of export.
9 As of May 19, 2020
10Under section 1318(a) of title 19, United States Code, the Secretary shall consider taking appropriate action to temporarily extend deadlines, for importers suffering significant financial hardship because of COVID-19, for the estimated payments described therein, other than those assessed pursuant to sections 1671, 1673, 1862, 2251, and 2411 of title 19, United States Code.
|TRADE ENFORCEMENT ACTIVITIES||FY 2017||FY 2018||FY 2019||FY 2020 (as of September 30, 2020)|
|Total Collected as a Result of Importer Audits||$41.3 million||$42.2 million||$43.1 million||$44.6 million|
|Total Trade Penalties Issued||931||1,385||2,108||2,309|
|Total Trade Liquidated Damages||10,327||9,214||21,093||19,612|
|Total Collected from Trade-Related Penalties and Liquidated Damages||$27.2 million||$15.5 million||$30.1 million||$20,111,943|
|SEIZURES||FY 2017||FY 2018||FY 2019||FY 2020|
|Total Trade Seizures1||60,336||50,952||62,509||73,708|
|Total IPR Seizures||34,143||33,810||27,599||26,490|
|Total MSRP Value of IPR Seizures||$1.2 billion||$1.4 billion||$1.5 billion||$1.3 billion|
|Total Import Safety Seizures||8,254||7,880||6,280||8,208|
|Total Value of Import Safety Seizures|
|Number of Enforce and Protect Act (EAPA) Investigations|
|Total Value/Lost Revenue Identified in EAPA**|
|Number of Forced Labor Withhold Release Orders (WROs)|
|Total Number Detained Cargo Related to WROs|
|Total Value Detained Cargo Related to WROs|
1 Includes intellectual property rights (IPR), import safety, and other trade violation seizures. IPR seizures encompass goods seized for violating trademark and/or copyright laws and regulations. Import safety seizures encompass products such as toys, pharmaceuticals, and cosmetics, and automotive/vehicle parts and accessories that are not compliant with the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC), the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), the National Highway Transportation Safety Administration, or other federal standards and regulations. CBP is responsible for enforcing nearly 500 U.S. trade laws and regulations on behalf of 47 federal agencies, facilitating legitimate trade, collecting revenue, and protecting the U.S. economy and its consumers from harmful imports and unfair trade practices.
* CBP data. For official trade statistics of the United States, please refer to the U.S. Census Bureau.
**The Enforce and Protect Act (EAPA) was signed into law in FY16. EAPA data is updated quarterly.