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CBP Use of Force Statistics

U.S. Customs and Border Protection is charged with enforcing the nation’s laws while protecting the civil rights and civil liberties of every individual with whom we interact. CBP’s authority to enforce the law, even to the point of lethal force, appropriately bears the burden of accountability, which includes integrity and transparency.

These data reflect singular uses of force by and assaults on CBP personnel, as well as the incidents which the actions comprise. The inclusion of incidents provides additional context to the uses of force and assaults, as there may be multiple actions—assaults and/or uses of force--during a single incident. Presenting these actions within the framework of incidents depicts the circumstances more clearly.

For example, consider a hypothetical CBP utilization of a less-lethal device such as a PepperBall® Launching System (PLS) for area saturation against 15 subjects. This is counted as 15 singular uses of force but one incident. Likewise, five subjects throwing rocks at three CBP agents or officers is counted as 15 singular assaults but one incident.

Singular uses of force by CBP law enforcement personnel in FY17 were 2.4 percent higher than FY16; however, incidents involving use of force were down 22.9 percent. Incidents involving assaults on CBP agents and officers dropped 0.81 percent from FY16 to FY17, but singular assaults increased 45 percent.

Use of force involving firearms has dropped over the years from a high of 55 in FY12 to a low of 17 in FY17, a 69 percent decrease.

For the fiscal year to date (October 1, 2017 through August 31, 2018), CBP personnel have been involved in 471 incidents that include at least one use of force, and 403 incidents that include at least one assault.  There have been 757 singular uses of force and 721 singular assaults.

Year-to-date tables were prepared on September 6, 2018; any uses of force or assaults entered after this date for the time period are not reflected in these tables. These statistics represent assaults and uses of force involving Authorized Officers/Agents during CBP operations only; off-duty incidents are not included. Occasionally, more than one component will be involved in the same incident.  Therefore, the sum of the component totals may be greater than the CBP incident total.

For reporting purposes, CBP categorizes uses of force into the following: “firearm,” “less-lethal device,” “other less-lethal force,” or “force used against vehicles/vessels.” A CBP law enforcement officer’s use of a baton, electronic control weapon, PepperBall® Launching System, or other less-lethal device is reflected under “Less-Lethal Device.” The “Other” column includes less-lethal uses of force, such as physical strikes without a weapon, use of a patrol K9, or applications of force other than a firearm or less-lethal device. “Force used against vehicles/vessels” includes uses of air disabling fire and small boat interdiction, and uses of vehicle immobilization devices or offensive driving techniques.

Footnote: Acronyms used in the tables below:

•AMO: Air and Marine Operations

•OFO: Office of Field Operations

•USBP: U.S. Border Patrol

•FY: Fiscal Year

•FYTD: Fiscal Year to Date

Data sources: Use of Force Reporting System (UFRS) and Enforcement Action Statistical Analysis and Reporting system (E-STAR), formerly (AUFRS)

 

Prior-Year Use of Force Statistics

CBP USE OF FORCE BY FISCAL YEAR (FY 2012 - 2017)
  FY 2012 FY 2013 FY 2014 FY 2015 FY 2016 FY 2017
Firearm 55 45 23 28 26 17
Less-Lethal Device and Other Less-Lethal Force 873 1168 997 724 947 979
Total 928 1213 1020 752 973 996
 
CBP USE OF FORCE FISCAL YEAR 2017 
  Incidents Firearm Less-Lethal Device Other Force Used Against Vehicles/Vessels Total
AMO 11 0 39 0 7 46
OFO 50 0 35 14 12 61
USBP 398 17 643 157 72 889
Total 459 17 717 171 91 996

Fiscal Year Use of Force Statistics

CBP USE OF FORCE BY TYPE AND FISCAL YEAR TO DATE
(Oct 1, 2016 - Aug 31, 2017 and Oct 1, 2017 - Aug 31, 2018)
  Total Use of Force Incidents Singular Uses of Force Force Used Against Vehicles/Vessels
Firearm Less-Lethal Device Other
FYTD17 FYTD18 FYTD17 FYTD18 FYTD17 FYTD18 FYTD17 FYTD18 FYTD17 FYTD18
AMO 10 8 0 0 39 4 0 0 6 10
OFO 46 53 0 0 33 37 12 23 11 8
USBP 362 411 12 14 568 385 148 175 64 101
Total 418 471 12 14 640 426 160 198 81 119

Incidents can involve multiple components, therefore, the sum of the component totals may be greater than the CBP incident total.

AMO USE OF FORCE BY TYPE AND FISCAL YEAR TO DATE
(
Oct 1, 2016 - Aug 31, 2017 and Oct 1, 2017 - Aug 31, 2018)
  Total Use of Force Incidents Singular Uses of Force Force Used Against Vehicles/Vessels
Firearm Less-Lethal Device Other
Region FYTD17 FYTD18 FYTD17 FYTD18 FYTD17 FYTD18 FYTD17 FYTD18 FYTD17 FYTD18
Northern 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southeast 8 4 0 0 38 0 0 0 5 4
Southwest 2 4 0 0 1 4 0 0 1 6
Total 10 8 0 0 39 4 0 0 6 10

 

OFO USE OF FORCE BY TYPE AND FISCAL YEAR TO DATE
(
Oct 1, 2016 - Aug 31, 2017 and Oct 1, 2017 - Aug 31, 2018)
  Total Use of Force Incidents Singular Uses of Force Force Used Against Vehicles/Vessels
Firearm Less-Lethal Device Other
Field Offices FYTD17 FYTD18 FYTD17 FYTD18 FYTD17 FYTD18 FYTD17 FYTD18 FYTD17 FYTD18
Atlanta 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Baltimore 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0
Boston 0 2 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1
Buffalo 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0
Chicago 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Detroit 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
El Paso 7 9 0 0 4 7 2 2 2 1
Houston 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Laredo 8 7 0 0 7 6 0 2 2 0
Los Angeles 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Miami 0 2 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0
New Orleans 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
New York 2 0 0 0 1 0 2 0 0 0
Portland 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Preclearance Field Operations 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
San Diego 17 24 0 0 13 16 3 15 2 5
San Francisco 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
San Juan 1 1 0 0 2 1 0 0 0 0
Seattle 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Tampa 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0
Tucson 10 4 0 0 6 3 4 2 5 0
Total 46 53 0 0 33 37 12 23 11 8

 

USBP USE OF FORCE BY TYPE AND FISCAL YEAR TO DATE
(
Oct 1, 2016 - Aug 31, 2017 and Oct 1, 2017 - Aug 31, 2018)
  Total Use of Force Incidents Singular Uses of Force Force Used Against Vehicles/Vessels
Firearm Less-Lethal Device Other
Sector FYTD17 FYTD18 FYTD17 FYTD18 FYTD17 FYTD18 FYTD17 FYTD18 FYTD17 FYTD18
Big Bend 7 10 0 0 1 5 6 7 1 2
Blaine 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Buffalo 0 2 0 2 0 1 0 0 0 0
Del Rio 10 12 0 0 186 12 5 4 2 2
Detroit 4 2 1 0 3 2 0 0 0 0
El Centro 62 87 1 0 163 155 10 20 9 28
El Paso 22 18 4 0 14 4 8 12 9 12
Grand Forks 3 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 2 1
Havre 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
Houlton 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Laredo 36 37 0 2 31 21 14 13 9 7
Miami 2 3 0 0 2 4 0 1 0 0
New Orleans 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0
Ramey 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
Rio Grande Valley 94 96 2 0 108 105 42 49 6 14
San Diego 44 58 0 2 31 38 12 16 16 20
Special Operations Group 3 0 0 0 0 0 3 0 0 0
Spokane 2 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0
Swanton 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0
Tucson 66 76 3 2 24 35 44 48 9 13
Yuma 5 4 0 6 3 1 3 3 0 1
Total 362 411 12 14 568 385 148 175 64 101

Assault Statistics

ASSAULTS AGAINST CBP LAW ENFORCEMENT PERSONNEL BY FISCAL YEAR
(FY 2012-2017)
  FY 12 FY 13 FY 14 FY 15 FY 16 FY 17
Assaults 555 468 373 477 584 847

 

ASSAULTS AGAINST CBP LAW ENFORCEMENT PERSONNEL BY FISCAL YEAR TO DATE
(
Oct 1, 2016 - Aug 31, 2017 and Oct 1, 2017 - Aug 31, 2018)
  Incidents Assaults
FYTD17 FYTD18 % Change FYTD17 FYTD18 % Change
AMO 7 17 143% 11 29 164%
OFO 32 53 66% 41 73 78%
USBP 286 338 18% 675 619 -8%
Total 324 403 24% 727 721 -1%

Incidents can involve multiple components, therefore, the sum of the component totals may be greater than the CBP incident total.

Last modified: 
October 11, 2018