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CBP Use of Force Statistics

U.S. Customs and Border Protection is charged with enforcing the nation’s laws while protecting the civil rights and civil liberties of every individual with whom we interact. CBP’s authority to enforce the law, even to the point of lethal force, appropriately bears the burden of accountability, which includes integrity and transparency.

These data reflect singular uses of force by and assaults on CBP personnel, as well as the incidents which the actions comprise. The inclusion of incidents provides additional context to the uses of force and assaults, as there may be multiple actions—assaults and/or uses of force--during a single incident. Presenting these actions within the framework of incidents depicts the circumstances more clearly.

For example, consider a hypothetical CBP utilization of a less-lethal device such as a PepperBall® Launching System (PLS) for area saturation against 15 subjects. This is counted as 15 singular uses of force but one incident. Likewise, five subjects throwing rocks at three CBP agents or officers is counted as 15 singular assaults but one incident.

Singular uses of force by CBP law enforcement personnel in FY17 were 2.4 percent higher than FY16; however, incidents involving use of force were down 22.9 percent. Incidents involving assaults on CBP agents and officers dropped 0.81 percent from FY16 to FY17, but singular assaults increased 45 percent.

Use of force involving firearms has dropped over the years from a high of 55 in FY12 to a low of 17 in FY17, a 69 percent decrease.

For the fiscal year to date (October 1, 2017 through May 31, 2018), CBP personnel have been involved in 365 incidents that include at least one use of force, and 290 incidents that include at least one assault.  There have been 612 singular uses of force and 540 singular assaults.

Year-to-date tables were prepared on June 6, 2018; any uses of force or assaults entered after this date for the time period are not reflected in these tables. These statistics represent assaults and uses of force involving Authorized Officers/Agents during CBP operations only; off-duty incidents are not included. Occasionally, more than one component will be involved in the same incident.  Therefore, the sum of the component totals may be greater than the CBP incident total.

For reporting purposes, CBP categorizes uses of force into the following: “firearm,” “less-lethal device,” “other less-lethal force,” or “force used against vehicles/vessels.” A CBP law enforcement officer’s use of a baton, electronic control weapon, PepperBall® Launching System, or other less-lethal device is reflected under “Less-Lethal Device.” The “Other” column includes less-lethal uses of force, such as physical strikes without a weapon, use of a patrol K9, or applications of force other than a firearm or less-lethal device. “Force used against vehicles/vessels” includes uses of air disabling fire and small boat interdiction, and uses of vehicle immobilization devices or offensive driving techniques.

Footnote: Acronyms used in the tables below:

•AMO: Air and Marine Operations

•OFO: Office of Field Operations

•USBP: U.S. Border Patrol

•FY: Fiscal Year

•FYTD: Fiscal Year to Date

Data sources: Use of Force Reporting System (UFRS) and Enforcement Action Statistical Analysis and Reporting system (E-STAR), formerly (AUFRS)

 

Prior-Year Use of Force Statistics

CBP USE OF FORCE BY FISCAL YEAR (FY 2012 - 2017)
  FY 2012 FY 2013 FY 2014 FY 2015 FY 2016 FY 2017
Firearm 55 45 23 28 26 17
Less-Lethal Device and Other Less-Lethal Force 873 1168 997 724 947 979
Total 928 1213 1020 752 973 996
 
CBP USE OF FORCE FISCAL YEAR 2017 
  Incidents Firearm Less-Lethal Device Other Force Used Against Vehicles/Vessels Total
AMO 11 0 39 0 7 46
OFO 50 0 35 14 12 61
USBP 398 17 643 157 72 889
Total 459 17 717 171 91 996

Fiscal Year Use of Force Statistics

CBP USE OF FORCE BY TYPE AND FISCAL YEAR TO DATE
(Oct 1, 2016 - May 31, 2017 and Oct 1, 2017 - May 31, 2018)
  Total Use of Force Incidents Singular Uses of Force Force Used Against Vehicles/Vessels
Firearm Less-Lethal Device Other
FYTD17 FYTD18 FYTD17 FYTD18 FYTD17 FYTD18 FYTD17 FYTD18 FYTD17 FYTD18
AMO 9 7 0 0 39 4 0 0 5 9
OFO 34 39 0 0 25 30 8 18 10 4
USBP 275 320 11 11 448 340 125 126 49 70
Total 318 365 11 11 512 374 133 144 64 83

Incidents can involve multiple components, therefore, the sum of the component totals may be greater than the CBP incident total.

AMO USE OF FORCE BY TYPE AND FISCAL YEAR TO DATE
(
Oct 1, 2016 - May 31, 2017 and Oct 1, 2017 - May 31, 2018)
  Total Use of Force Incidents Singular Uses of Force Force Used Against Vehicles/Vessels
Firearm Less-Lethal Device Other
Region FYTD17 FYTD18 FYTD17 FYTD18 FYTD17 FYTD18 FYTD17 FYTD18 FYTD17 FYTD18
Northern 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southeast 7 3 0 0 38 0 0 0 4 3
Southwest 2 4 0 0 1 4 0 0 1 6
Total 9 7 0 0 39 4 0 0 5 9

 

OFO USE OF FORCE BY TYPE AND FISCAL YEAR TO DATE
(
Oct 1, 2016 - May 31, 2017 and Oct 1, 2017 - May 31, 2018)
  Total Use of Force Incidents Singular Uses of Force Force Used Against Vehicles/Vessels
Firearm Less-Lethal Device Other
Field Offices FYTD17 FYTD18 FYTD17 FYTD18 FYTD17 FYTD18 FYTD17 FYTD18 FYTD17 FYTD18
Atlanta 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Baltimore 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
Boston 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Buffalo 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0
Chicago 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Detroit 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
El Paso 5 5 0 0 2 5 2 0 2 0
Houston 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Laredo 5 5 0 0 5 4 0 1 1 0
Los Angeles 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Miami 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
New Orleans 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
New York 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
Portland 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Preclearance Field Operations 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
San Diego 14 19 0 0 11 15 2 13 2 3
San Francisco 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
San Juan 1 1 0 0 2 1 0 0 0 0
Seattle 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tampa 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0
Tucson 8 4 0 0 4   4 2 5 0
Total 34 39 0 0 25 30 8 18 10 4

 

USBP USE OF FORCE BY TYPE AND FISCAL YEAR TO DATE
(
Oct 1, 2016 - May 31, 2017 and Oct 1, 2017 - May 31, 2018)
  Total Use of Force Incidents Singular Uses of Force Force Used Against Vehicles/Vessels
Firearm Less-Lethal Device Other
Sector FYTD17 FYTD18 FYTD17 FYTD18 FYTD17 FYTD18 FYTD17 FYTD18 FYTD17 FYTD18
Big Bend 5 9 0 0 1 4 4 4 1 2
Blaine 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Buffalo 0 2 0 2 0 1 0 0 0 0
Del Rio 8 9 0 0 185 10 4 3 2 2
Detroit 2 2 1 0 1 2 0 0 0 0
El Centro 40 74 0 0 96 137 10 16 4 23
El Paso 20 11 4 0 12 3 8 3 9 6
Grand Forks 3 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 2 1
Havre 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
Houlton 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Laredo 25 30 0 2 15 18 11 13 8 5
Miami 0 3 0 0 0 4 0 1 0 0
New Orleans 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
Ramey 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
Rio Grande Valley 72 69 2 0 88 96 35 31 4 8
San Diego 30 39 0 0 23 32 8 8 11 12
Special Operations Group 3 1 0 0 0 0 3 2 0 0
Spokane 2 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0
Swanton 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0
Tucson 60 63 3 1 22 30 40 41 7 10
Yuma 4 3 0 6 3 1 2 3 0 0
Total 275 320 11 11 448 340 125 126 49 70

Assault Statistics

ASSAULTS AGAINST CBP LAW ENFORCEMENT PERSONNEL BY FISCAL YEAR
(FY 2012-2017)
  FY 12 FY 13 FY 14 FY 15 FY 16 FY 17
Assaults 555 468 373 477 584 847
ASSAULTS AGAINST CBP LAW ENFORCEMENT PERSONNEL BY FISCAL YEAR TO DATE
(
Oct 1, 2016 - May 31, 2017 and Oct 1, 2017 - May 31, 2018)
  Incidents Assaults
FYTD17 FYTD18 % Change FYTD17 FYTD18 % Change
AMO 5 16 220% 8 27 238%
OFO 23 34 48% 27 49 81%
USBP 217 244 12% 559 464 -17%
Total 245 290 18% 594 540 -9%

Incidents can involve multiple components, therefore, the sum of the component totals may be greater than the CBP incident total.

Last modified: 
August 7, 2018