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CBP Use of Force Statistics Fiscal Year 2018

U.S. Customs and Border Protection is charged with enforcing the nation’s laws while protecting the civil rights and civil liberties of every individual with whom we interact. CBP’s authority to enforce the law, even to the point of lethal force, appropriately bears the burden of accountability, which includes integrity and transparency.

These data reflect singular uses of force by and assaults on CBP personnel, as well as the incidents which the actions comprise. The inclusion of incidents provides additional context to the uses of force and assaults, as there may be multiple actions—assaults and/or uses of force--during a single incident. Presenting these actions within the framework of incidents depicts the circumstances more clearly.

For example, consider a hypothetical CBP utilization of a less-lethal device such as a PepperBall® Launching System (PLS) for area saturation against 15 subjects. This is counted as 15 singular uses of force but one incident. Likewise, five subjects throwing rocks at three CBP agents or officers is counted as 15 singular assaults but one incident.

Singular uses of force by CBP law enforcement personnel in FY18 were 8 percent lower than FY17; however, incidents involving use of force were up 16 percent. Incidents involving assaults on CBP agents and officers increased 22 percent from FY17 to FY18, but singular assaults decreased 6 percent.

Use of force involving firearms has dropped over the years from a high of 55 in FY12 to a low of 15 in FY18, a 73 percent decrease.

In FY18, CBP personnel have been involved in 534 incidents that include at least one use of force, and 450 incidents that include at least one assault.  There have been 913 singular uses of force and 794 singular assaults.

Fiscal year tables were prepared on October 9, 2018; any uses of force or assaults entered after this date for the time period are not reflected in these tables. These statistics represent assaults and uses of force involving Authorized Officers/Agents during CBP operations only; off-duty incidents are not included. Occasionally, more than one component will be involved in the same incident.  Therefore, the sum of the component totals may be greater than the CBP incident total.  Previously published statistics are occasionally revised based on internal review, investigative findings, and National Use of Force Review Board (NUFRB) decisions; therefore, these tables may not match previously published statistics.

For reporting purposes, CBP categorizes uses of force into the following: “firearm,” “less-lethal device,” “other less-lethal force,” or “force used against vehicles/vessels.” A CBP law enforcement officer’s use of a baton, electronic control weapon, PepperBall® Launching System, or other less-lethal device is reflected under “Less-Lethal Device.” The “Other” column includes less-lethal uses of force, such as physical strikes without a weapon, use of a patrol K9, or applications of force other than a firearm or less-lethal device. “Force used against vehicles/vessels” includes uses of air disabling fire and small boat interdiction, and uses of vehicle immobilization devices or offensive driving techniques.

Footnote: Acronyms used in the tables below:

•AMO: Air and Marine Operations

•OFO: Office of Field Operations

•USBP: U.S. Border Patrol

•FY: Fiscal Year

•FYTD: Fiscal Year to Date

Data sources: Use of Force Reporting System (UFRS) and Enforcement Action Statistical Analysis and Reporting system (E-STAR), formerly (AUFRS)

Prior-Year Use of Force Statistics

CBP USE OF FORCE BY FISCAL YEAR (FY 2012 - 2018)
 FY 2012FY 2013FY 2014FY 2015FY 2016FY 2017

FY 2018

Firearm55452328251715
Less-Lethal Device and Other Less-Lethal Force8731168996721945979898
Total92812131019749970996913
 
CBP USE OF FORCE FISCAL YEAR 2018
 IncidentsFirearmLess-Lethal DeviceOtherForce Used Against Vehicles/VesselsTotal
AMO110501217
OFO6204425978
USBP46215503181119818
Total53415552206140913

Fiscal Year Use of Force Statistics

CBP USE OF FORCE BY TYPE AND FISCAL YEAR
FY2017 and FY2018
 Total Use of Force Incidents Singular Uses of ForceForce Used Against Vehicles/Vessels
FirearmLess-Lethal DeviceOther
FY17FY18FY17FY18FY17FY18FY17FY18FY17FY18
AMO11110039500712
OFO50620035441425129
USBP398462171564350315718172119
Total459534171571755217120691140

Incidents can involve multiple components, therefore, the sum of the component totals may be greater than the CBP incident total.

AMO USE OF FORCE BY TYPE AND FISCAL YEAR
FY2017 and FY2018
 Total Use of Force Incidents Singular Uses of ForceForce Used Against Vehicles/Vessels
FirearmLess-Lethal DeviceOther
RegionFY17FY18FY17FY18FY17FY18FY17FY18FY17FY18
Northern0000000000
Southeast85003800055
Southwest3600150027
Total11110039500712

 

OFO USE OF FORCE BY TYPE AND FISCAL YEAR
FY2017 and FY2018
 Total Use of Force IncidentsSingular Uses of ForceForce Used Against Vehicles/Vessels
FirearmLess-Lethal DeviceOther
Field OfficesFY17FY18FY17FY18FY17FY18FY17FY18FY17FY18
Atlanta0000000000
Baltimore1100011000
Boston0200010001
Buffalo0100000100
Chicago0000000000
Detroit0000000000
El Paso81100592221
Houston0000000000
Laredo8800770220
Los Angeles0000000000
Miami0200020000
New Orleans0000000000
New York2000102000
Portland0000000000
Preclearance Field Operations0000000000
San Diego202900141951736
San Francisco0000000000
San Juan1100210000
Seattle0100000001
Tampa0100000100
Tucson10500644250
Total50620035441425129

 

USBP USE OF FORCE BY TYPE AND FISCAL YEAR
FY2017 and FY2018
 Total Use of Force IncidentsSingular Uses of ForceForce Used Against Vehicles/Vessels
FirearmLess-Lethal DeviceOther
SectorFY17FY18FY17FY18FY17FY18FY17FY18FY17FY18
Big Bend71100156812
Blaine0000000000
Buffalo0202010000
Del Rio111401186136422
Detroit4210320000
El Centro741021021123911211132
El Paso222340141487917
Grand Forks3110000021
Havre1000100000
Houlton0100000001
Laredo3640023124141399
Miami2400250100
New Orleans1100011000
Ramey0100010000
Rio Grande Valley101104301231114650718
San Diego506602354413182023
Special Operations Group4100034000
Spokane2000100010
Swanton1200100200
Tucson738232313845541013
Yuma6546323301
Total398462171564350315718172119

Assault Statistics

ASSAULTS AGAINST CBP LAW ENFORCEMENT PERSONNEL BY FISCAL YEAR
(FY 2012-2018)
 FY12FY13FY14FY15FY16FY17FY18
Assaults555468373477584844794

 

ASSAULTS AGAINST CBP LAW ENFORCEMENT PERSONNEL BY FISCAL YEAR
FY2017 and FY2018
 IncidentsAssaults
FY17FY18% ChangeFY17FY18% Change
AMO91789%1429107%
OFO375959%478274%
USBP32437917%783683-13%
Total36945022%844794-6%

Incidents can involve multiple components, therefore, the sum of the component totals may be greater than the CBP incident total.

Last modified: 
March 5, 2019