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Facts and Figures about CBP Flower Inspections

Release Date: 
February 1, 2012

CBP processed approximately 802.5 million cut flower stems during the 2011 Valentine's season from Jan. 1 to Feb. 14, compared to 320.8 million stems processed during the 2010 season -- an increase of 150 percent. Most of the cut flower shipments are imported from South America, primarily Colombia, with 502.1 million stems or 63 percent, followed by Ecuador with 187 million stems or 23 percent.

Miami ranks first among U.S. ports of entry for shipments of cut flower imports, followed by Los Angeles. The quantity of imported cut flowers processed by both ports during the 2011 Valentine's season has more than doubled compared to 2010 season.

During calendar year 2011, CBP processed approximately 5.1 billion cut flower stems and Miami alone processed 4.3 billion stems.

During the 2011 Valentine's season:

  • CBP in Miami processed approximately 673 million stems, or 84 percent of the total imported cut flowers nationally, compared to 272 million stems imported during last year's season. Los Angeles has ranked second by processing 38.2 million flower stems during the 2011 Valentine's season, compared to 17.4 million stems imported during last year's season.
  • Approximately 477 million of cut flower stems imported from Colombia were processed in Miami, where the top cut flower imports are Roses, mixed bouquets, and Dianthus.
  • The imported cut flowers inspection process resulted in a total of 3,404 pest interceptions nationally. Miami intercepted 1662 pests, followed by Otay Mesa with 377 pests.
  • 1176 pests (35%) were intercepted from Colombia and 866 (25%) were intercepted from Ecuador.
  • The most common type of insects intercepted in these cut flower imports are Thrips (Thripidae), Moths (Noctuidae), Aphididae (Aphids), and Miner Flies (Agromyzidae)

Top 10 ports of entry, by volume (number of stems), that processed shipments of cut flower imports for the 2011 Valentine season:

Location Quantity in Stems
FL Miami Air Cargo 673,409,603
CA Los Angeles 38,186,871
NY JFK Air Cargo 18,912,341
TX Laredo Colombia 18,631,901
CA Otay Mesa 17,529,242
IL Chicago 5,885,801
NJ Newark Air Cargo 5,136,142
MA Boston 2,824,395
DE Wilmington 2,485,500
PR San Juan Air 2,439,812

Top 10 Cut Flower Imports:

Commodity Stems
Rosa 282,746,548
Bouquet, Mixed 96,939,718
Bouquet, Rose 64,102,393
Dianthus 58,699,001
Chrysanthemum (pom-pon) 39,304,941
Alstroemeria 30,862,582
Dianthus (mini) 27,105,716
Tulipa 25,432,678
Chrysanthemum 18,415,057
Gypsophila 16,750,045

Top 10 Exporting Country of Origin:

Country of Origin Stems
Columbia 502,116,104
Ecuador 187,006,177
Mexico 40,184,995
Netherlands 29,753,378
Costa Rica 11,328,579
Thailand 7,796,316
Guatemala 5,668,043
India 3,179,442
Kenya 2,441,797
Peru 1,939,064

Top 10 Ports of Entry, by Number of Plant Pests Intercepted From Shipments of Imported Cut Flowers:

Location Pests Intercepted
FL Miami Air CBP 1662
CA Otay Mesa CBP 377
CA Los Angeles CBP 368
PR Aguadilla CBP 238
PR San Juan Air CBP 139
IL Chicago CBP 60
HI Honolulu CBP 59
TX El Paso CBP 55
CA Calexico CBP 41
Last modified: 
February 8, 2017