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Even with these additional ESTA questions, does the VWP represent a security vulnerability?

Even with these additional ESTA questions, does the VWP represent a security vulnerability?

No.  Countries that participate in the VWP are required to have a high degree of security cooperation with the United States; sign and implement information sharing agreements regarding known, suspected or potential terrorists and serious criminals; report lost and stolen passport data to the United States or other means approved by the United States; and issue International Civil Aviation Organization-compliant electronic passports.  VWP countries are also subject to biennial eligibility reviews, which provide DHS with the opportunity to conduct broad and consequential inspections of foreign security standards and operations, and verify the level of law enforcement and counterterrorism cooperation with the United States.  The Director of National Intelligence is required to complete an intelligence assessment to support each eligibility review conducted by DHS.

VWP travelers must obtain approval through the ESTA process prior to commencing VWP travel to the United States.  ESTA continuously vets applicants’ biographic information against the Terrorist Screening Database; lost and stolen passport records (including INTERPOL’s Stolen and Lost Travel Documents database); visa revocations; previous VWP refusals; expedited removals; and Public Health records, e.g., records from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for persons who have a communicable disease constituting a public health threat.