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Random Drug Test

Drug Testing

In connection with the agency's mission to enforce our nation's drug laws, the majority of Customs workers have direct responsibility and involvement with the interdiction of illegal narcotics.  Customs employees are routinely exposed to illegal substances since their duties involve the investigation, apprehension, and detention of persons suspected of smuggling drugs.  To maintain the high professional standards of the CBP workforce, it is imperative that individuals who use illegal drugs are screened out during the pre-employment process prior to entrance on duty. 

Drug Testing Frequently Asked Questions

Why do I have to take a drug test?

The purpose of the Customs and Border Protection (CBP) Drug Testing Program is to ensure that the workforce is drug free. The CBP law enforcement mission includes drug interdiction, and the use of any illegal or illicit drugs by employees cannot be tolerated. Terms of the CBP Drug Testing Program conform to provisions of Executive Order 12564.

How do I schedule the Drug Test?

You cannot schedule the drug test in advance. Our scheduling contractor will reach out to you at a random time during the pre-employment process to schedule you for this appointment. 

The contact information you provide to the CBP Hiring Center (CBP HC) will be used by our contractor to reach out to you, so it's important that we have your most current information.

When will I be contacted for the Drug Test?

The drug test will take place at a random time prior to your entrance on duty for the position.

Where will I take the Drug Test?

The drug test will be conducted at the nearest available CBP-contracted facility according to the mailing address the CBP HC has on file for you.  Please note that travel to and from the facility is at your own expense.

How long should I plan to be at the facility for this appointment?

The length of time you will be expected to remain at the facility depends on the facility's schedule the day of your appointment, or if any issues arise during your appointment.  Please plan accordingly.

What should I bring?

Please bring any documentation relating to prescription medications you are taking.

When I hear from the scheduling contractor, how long do I have to schedule the appointment?

You will have 48 hours from the time you are contacted to schedule your appointment. Failure to appear at the designated clinic within 48 hours will result in the withdrawal of your tentative selection.

What will I be tested for?

At a minimum your sample will be tested for marijuana, cocaine, amphetamines, opiates (including heroin and morphine), and PCP.

After this initial drug test, can CBP test me in the future?

Yes. You have been tentatively selected for a testing designated position and are subject to random drug testing throughout your employment with CBP. Employees selected for testing will be notified when and where to report on the day of the test. Employees who are not in a testing designated position, but who volunteer to be tested will be placed in the random testing pool and will have tests conducted in accordance with random procedures. Other kinds of testing, such as injury, illness, unsafe or unhealthy practice testing, reasonable suspicion, and follow-up testing may also apply.

Will I have to complete any paperwork before or after the drug test?

Yes. At the collection site, you will be asked to provide personal information to the company representative including your name, identity number (e.g., SSN) address, date of birth, etc., in order to complete the chain-of-custody form that accompanies the specimen. (A notation of your prescriptions may be listed on the donor copy of the chain-of-custody form as a memory jogger in case you need to remember this information at a later date.)

How much privacy will I have when providing a sample?

You will have maximum privacy. Observation will be “Close” but usually not “Direct”. You will be asked to remove outer garments such as coats and sweaters. In addition, if you are carrying a purse, briefcase, or other bag, you will not be allowed to bring it with you. After you have provided the specimen, you will hand the sample bottle to the contracted company representative. You will watch the representative place a label on the bottle identifying the sample as yours, and then watch the representative affix tamper-proof tape around the bottle. You will be asked to initial the tape and complete the chain-of-custody form.

What happens if my test is positive?

If your laboratory test is positive, the Agency Medical Review Officer (MRO) will contact you prior to making any final decision to determine if there are any circumstances involving legitimate contact with illegal drugs or authorized use of prescription drugs. Legitimate contact with illegal or illicit drugs, as verified by the MRO will be reported to CBP as a negative result.

Outside applicants who have a confirmed positive test (after review by the CBP MRO) will lose consideration for the position to which they applied and will be debarred from applying for another position in the Department of Homeland Security for one year.
Confirmed positive drug tests for CBP employees will be reported to their supervisors and the employees will be referred to the Employee Assistance Program. In addition, they will lose consideration for the position and will be subject to adverse/disciplinary action up to and including removal from CBP.

Can I refuse to take the drug test?

Applicants have the right to refuse the urinalysis test at any time. If you plan to refuse, you should do so before accepting the appointment for testing. You will lose consideration for the position you applied for if you refuse. Random testing is mandatory for employees in testing designated positions and refusal to take the test could result in disciplinary action up to and including removal from Customs and Border Protection.

What will happen if I'm caught trying to substitute or otherwise adulterate my sample?

Any attempt to substitute or adulterate a sample or fraudulently affect reported results will result in loss of consideration for the position for outside applicants and disciplinary/adverse action for CBP employees.

What else do you recommend doing to prepare for the drug test?

We recommend that you drink plenty of liquids before reporting for your test.

Last modified: 
Monday, February 4, 2019 - 10:56
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