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CBP to Enforce APHIS Restrictions on Mediterranean Fruit Fly (Ceratitis capitata) Host Material from Dominican Republic

U.S. Customs and Border Protection will enforce a federal quarantine order issued by the United States Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) on March 18, 2015. This Federal Order (FO-2015-14) immediately suspends imports of Mediterranean fruit fly (Medfly) fruit and vegetable hosts from the Dominican Republic. APHIS took this action in response to multiple detections of Medfly in the Punta Cana region of the Dominican Republic.

Mediterranean Fruit Fly (Ceratitis capitata)

Lateral view of adult Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann). Photograph by Scott Bauer, USDA.

The purpose of the Federal Order is to prevent the entry or introduction of Medfly, a harmful plant pest, from the Dominican Republic into the United States.  The APHIS Administrator has determined that the introduction and establishment of Medfly poses a serious threat to United States agriculture, including certain fruits or vegetables grown in the United States, and that this serious plant pest threat must be immediately addressed. Medfly is not known to occur in the United States except in Hawaii. It is estimated that the species would be able to establish populations in southern regions of the United States (Plant Hardiness Zones 9-11).

Effective immediately, APHIS is suspending all importations of fruit and vegetable commodities known to be Medfly hosts from the Dominican Republic.  APHIS is also prohibiting overland in-bond transit movements of such materials south of 39° latitude in the United States. These prohibitions apply to all importation and movement including commercial and non-commercial cargo, passenger baggage, international mail, and express courier shipments.

The following commodities from the Dominican Republic are prohibited:

avocado longan pepper
clementine mamey (sapote) pummelo
grape mandarin tangelo
grapefruit mango* tangerine
lemon orange tomato
litchi papaya tuna (cactus fruit)

*Commercial shipments of mangoes from the Dominican Republic will continue to be enterable under the conditions of the APHIS hot water treatment preclearance program.

Complete details on APHIS Federal Order 2015-14 are available on the APHIS website. Please also refer to the APHIS Fruits and Vegetables Import Requirement (FAVIR) Online Database for information.

Contact your local CBP port office for customs related issues. For import permits issues and quarantine order questions, contact APHIS at (301) 851-2046 or toll-free at (877) 770-5990.                                        

Last modified: 
March 19, 2015