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Is an employee who takes insulin daily to control his diabetes, but has no significant impact on his employment, protected under the Rehabilitation Act?

Yes, such a person is protected. The determination as to whether a person has a disability under the Rehabilitation Act is made without regard to mitigating measures, such as medications, auxiliary aids and reasonable accommodations. If an individual has an impairment that substantially limits a major life activity, she is protected under the Rehabilitation Act, regardless of the fact that the disease or condition or its effects may be corrected or controlled. However, a person with such a disability may not need accommodating if the disability is not currently interfering with the employee’s ability to perform his/her job duties.