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Customs Mutual Assistance Agreements (CMAA)

In June 1967, the Customs Cooperation Council (CCC), known since 1994 as the World Customs Organization (WCO), adopted a model bilateral convention on mutual administrative assistance for countries to implement as part of a national customs policy. U.S. Customs and Border Protection has used this model as a basis for negotiating Customs Mutual Assistance Agreements (CMAAs) with other foreign administrations since joining the CCC in 1970. Domestic and foreign courts recognize each agreement as a legal basis for wide ranging cooperation.

Such a legal framework is vital because of explosive growth in the volume and complexity of international trade. Great demands are being placed on customs administrations around the world. With government resources not able to keep pace with this growing trade, customs administrations rely on mutual assistance as a powerful investigative tool.

The agreements allow for the exchange of information, intelligence, and documents that will ultimately assist countries in the prevention and investigation of customs offenses. The agreements are particularly helpful for U.S. Attaché offices, as each agreement is tailored to the capacities and national policy of an individual country's customs administration.

Following are countries with whom the United States has Customs Mutual Assistance Agreements, as of August 2014:

   
Africa Algeria 
Ghana 
Kenya
Mauritius
Morocco
Nigeria
South Africa
   
Asia Australia
China
Hong Kong
India
Indonesia
Japan
Korea
Maldives
Mongolia
New Zealand
Philippines
 
American Institute in Taiwan (AIT) - Taipei Economic and Cultural Representative Office (TECRO) Agreement Regarding Mutual Assistance 
   
Europe Austria
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Belgium
Bulgaria
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Denmark
European Community
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Ireland
Italy
Latvia
Lithuania 
Malta
Montenegro
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania 
Russian Federation
Serbia
Slovakia
Spain
Sweden
Turkey
Ukraine
United Kingdom
 
   
Middle East Bahrain
Israel
Jordan
Kazakhstan
Pakistan
   
Western Hemisphere Argentina
Brazil
Canada
Chile
Colombia
Dominican Republic
Ecuador
Honduras 
Mexico
Panama 
Paraguay
Peru
Uruguay
Venezuela