The Little Rock, Arkansas Border Patrol station was first established in the early 1950's to combat the influx of undocumented Mexican labor into Arkansas, Tennessee, Missouri, and the northern portions of Louisiana and Mississippi. Stations were also established at Memphis, Tennessee and Blytheville, Arkansas.
Prior to the establishment of these stations, agents were temporarily assigned into this five-state area in the late 1940's and 1950's, during the cotton picking season (late September through December). These officers averaged 1,000 apprehensions per year resulting in sufficient need to open the stations.
These stations were closed in 1955, and operations were shifted to the McAllen, Texas sector. Later, Arkansas operations were assigned to Memphis, Tennessee, and then Texarkana, Arkansas when a Border Patrol station opened on August 1, 1966.
The Texarkana station was established primarily as a traffic checkpoint to interdict the movement of undocumented aliens from the Mexican border to the northern agricultural and industrial areas. The station utilized the Arkansas Agriculture Quarantine station on U. S. Highway 67 near Texarkana as a traffic checkpoint. When Interstate 30 opened from Texarkana to Little Rock, the quarantine station was closed on July 1, 1971. Increased apprehensions of undocumented aliens by other law enforcement agencies throughout the state, led to the relocation of the Border Patrol station to a more centralized location within Arkansas. Little Rock was chosen because it is the hub of all private and commercial traffic through the state.
Today, Little Rock agents conduct the full scope of enforcement activities, including city patrol, transportation checks, anti-smuggling, farm and ranch checks, employer sanctions enforcement, criminal aliens and observing traffic along Interstates 30, 40, and other major east-west, and north-south highways.
The Little Rock station is responsible for Border Patrol operations for the entire state of Arkansas. Daily operations are conducted within a 100-mile radius of Little Rock. The station also responds to calls relating to Border Patrol concerns in the western portion of Tennessee. The station works closely with other immigration offices in the area.