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Background, History, and Purpose

Read about how border construction aids CBP in the fulfillment of its mission, how CBP determines where to constructs its facilities and infrastructure, and how we reach out to individuals and groups in those communities. 

History and Purpose

The recent history of construction along the border dates back to November 2, 2005 when the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) created the Secure Border Initiative (SBI), a comprehensive, multi-year plan designed to secure America’s borders and reduce illegal immigration.

Where CBP Constructs

Numerous operational challenges exist for U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) officers and agents as they facilitate legitimate trade and travel though the official U.S. Ports of Entry (POEs) and secure our Nation’s borders between the POEs.